Committing to Peace: The Successful Settlement of Civil Wars
Why do some civil wars end in successfully implemented peace settlements while others are fought to the finish? Numerous competing theories address this question. Yet not until now has a study combined the historical sweep, empirical richness, and conceptual rigor necessary to put them thoroughly to the test and draw lessons invaluable to students, scholars, and policymakers. Using data on every civil war fought between 1940 and 1992, Barbara Walter details the conditions that lead combatants to partake in what she defines as a three-step process--the decision on whether to initiate negotiations, to compromise, and, finally, to implement any resulting terms. Her key finding: rarely are such conflicts resolved without active third-party intervention.
Theory and Hypotheses
DATA AND QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS
Measuring the Variables
A Closer Look at the Findings
Negotiating for Security Guarantees The Civil War in Zimbabwe