Plato's Ethics

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Oxford University Press, Jan 12, 1995 - Philosophy - 464 pages
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This exceptional book examines and explains Plato's answer to the normative question, "How ought we to live?" It discusses Plato's conception of the virtues; his views about the connection between the virtues and happiness; and the account of reason, desire, and motivation that underlies his arguments about the virtues. Plato's answer to the epistemological question, "How can we know how we ought to live?" is also discussed. His views on knowledge, belief, and inquiry, and his theory of Forms, are examined, insofar as they are relevant to his ethical view. Terence Irwin traces the development of Plato's moral philosophy, from the Socratic dialogues to its fullest exposition in the Republic. Plato's Ethics discusses Plato's reasons for abandoning or modifying some aspects of Socratic ethics, and for believing that he preserves Socrates' essential insights. A brief and selective discussion of the Statesmen, Philebus, and Laws is included. Replacing Irwin's earlier Plato's Moral Theory (Oxford, 1977), this book gives a clearer and fuller account of the main questions and discusses some recent controversies in the interpretation of Plato's ethics. It does not presuppose any knowledge of Greek or any extensive knowledge of Plato.
 

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Contents

1 Plato Socrates and the Dialogues
3
2 Socrates Method
17
3 Socrates Arguments about the Virtues
31
From Happiness to Virtue
52
5 Difficulties for Socrates
65
6 The Protagoras
78
7 The Argument of the Gorgias
95
8 Implications of the Gorgias
111
The Virtues
223
Justice and Happiness
244
16 Republic VVII
262
17 Republic VIIIIX on Justice
281
18 Platonic Love
298
19 Pleasure Intelligence and the Good
318
20 Reason and Virtue
339
Notes
355

The Meno
127
10 The Theory of Forms
148
11 Republic I
169
Objections to Justice
181
The Division of the Soul
203

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About the author (1995)

Terence Irwin is Professor of Philosophy at Cornell University and author of several books on ancient philosophy, including Classical Thought (Oxford, 1988), Aristotle's First Principles (Oxford, 1988), and Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics (1985).

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